The report by the UN Environment Programme (UNEP) said desertification and deforestation are long-term problems that may worsen.
"Ignoring these environmental issues will ensure that some political and social problems remain unsolvable and even likely to worsen, as environmental degradation mounts at the same time as population increases," the report said.
There is evidence of long-term climate change in several parts of the country, Reuters reported, with rainfall irregular and markedly lower.
The report’s recommendations include reducing the environmental impact of the oil industry and promoting more sustainable forms of agriculture.
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