This new book advocating vegetarianism by a romantic-novelist-turned-Buddhist nun is more of a manifesto than a cook book. Peilian Jingle laces her arguments for vegetarianism with concepts loosely derived from Chinese medicine, Daoism and Buddhism to present a psychological critique of modern China’s frenzied consumerism.
Frequent food safety scares involving everything from baby formula containing industrial chemicals to boost protein level readings, to filthy cooking oil reprocessed from gutter waste and high levels of chemicals sprayed on crops, are driving a growing interest in vegetarianism and safer food.
“If we are not slaves to those appetites we will no longer be hoodwinked, we will no longer feel a need to eat all those trashy foods. True vegetarians eat just as much as they need, no more, no less. The world’s resources belong to no single person, and we have no right to waste them.”
Her argument combines Buddhist beliefs on peacefulness and nonviolence with Daoist-based ideas about the energetic properties of foods borrowed from traditional Chinese medicine, and these ideas provide the book’s title, “You are what you eat”.
She classifies three types of food by their energetic properties and three types of people – happy and nonviolent people, the apathetic and violent, and the neutral, who are neither violent nor nonviolent.
Turning to food’s energetic properties, Peilian contrasts peace-promoting, happy-making, nonviolent food such as grains, beans, fruit nuts, and vegetables to “violent foods”, a category that includes all meats, eggs and pickled or salted goods, fizzy and alcoholic drinks with chemical additives, and processed foods. Happily, chocolate, coffee and strong tea are neutral foods, with no negative effects when taken in moderation.
Those who are vegetarians for long periods of time commonly become more peaceful and are less prone to extremes,” she suggests.
By contrast, fighting over resources is seen as typical carnivore behaviour, whereas a true vegetarian will be too peaceful to fight with anyone over anything because they cannot treat any form of life as an enemy. Rejecting meat is therefore a socially responsible choice, she concludes. What’s more, meat-eaters struggle to be at peace because they are taking in too many predatory energies.
Like many New Age thinkers, Peilian tips some science into the pot to season what is essentially an ethical argument. She quotes biologist John Fernstrom’s research from Massachusetts Institute of Technology to suggest that high serotonin levels in fruit and vegetables reduce aggression.
Drawing on Buddhist tantric imagery, she describes meat as a source of terror, as if it is a corpse cooking in the pot. The descriptions are sometimes nauseating, and some views extreme, but overall prompt readers to think and adjust their lifestyles.
I was eating as I read this book, and as I picked up a piece of chicken in my chopsticks, I heard a voice: “Why are you eating me? Your stomach’s a graveyard!”
You are what you read!