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Olympic chances

The Olympic Games offer China more than just the opportunity to host a green sporting event. The country should seize the moment to form an alliance with the US to combat climate change, says Orville Schell.

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As the 2008 Olympics approach, China finds itself in the throes of a Herculean campaign to make the Olympics not only a resounding organisational success, but also a “green” Games. However, a whole host of intractable environmental problems threaten these efforts. Daunting challenges are presented by contaminated foods, depleted reservoirs, polluted water and severe air-pollution.

Because of their desire to have a better material standard of living for their people, until recently China’s leaders have welcomed almost any kind of “development” and tolerated the added toxic load involved. But recently, president Hu Jintao has begun to emphasise what he calls “scientific development”, a code word for a more sustainable approach to growth. The central Chinese leadership, although still eschewing the developed world’s calls for “carbon caps,” has evinced a growing awareness at the ways in which unbridled development is depleting natural resources and poisoning the country. But, as one Chinese official recently told me: “We cannot act alone. You must help us remove America as our excuse for not dealing with climate change.”

Developed countries seem unaware of China’s bind. They all too often complain about the loss of jobs to Chinese factories while quietly overlooking a dirty secret: China has become a dumping ground for ever more of the industrial pollution that is the unavoidable consequence of our own rapacious material consumption. Its environmental downfall, even if willingly embraced until now, has been our environmental salvation.

But it would appear that China is now reaching a tipping point on environmental issues. And whereas several years ago there was relatively little said about climate change, now top leaders in Beijing have begun to cautiously speak out, although they do not always appear quite sure what to do about the problem.

Indeed, all around China, reasons for concern have begun to manifest themselves in aberrant weather patterns. This summer, while the North China Plain was suffering a drought, the worst torrential downpour in recorded history hit Shandong province’s capital city, Jinan. Then, in South China’s Guangdong province, the city of Zhanjiang received almost 30 inches (76.2 centimetres) of rainfall in 24 hours, the most severe storm in 200 years of record keeping. At the same time, rather alarming statistics keep coming out in regard to the glaciers on the Tibetan Plateau. They are now said to be melting at a rate of 7% annually.

Back when the Kyoto Protocol was signed in 1997, China signed on only as a “developing nation”, which meant that it was exempted from caps on carbon emissions. The United States “unsigned” under President Bush. By absenting themselves from this fragile international regime, the world’s two major contributors of greenhouse gases came close to crippling this incipient global effort.

As lamentable as America’s ongoing truancy has been, it now presents Chinese leaders with an opportunity. At this penultimate moment before the Olympic Games, as the world casts around for some possible course, China’s leaders have a chance not only to make the Olympics truly “green”, but to help lead the world out of the climate change impasse into which it is now falling. Indeed, there could be no more effective way for Beijing to begin calming critics and protesters who now threaten to gather at the Games than to begin moving into the vacuum left by the Bush administration to assert initiative in global struggle against climate change. For without the participation of China and the US, there will be no remedy to this urgent threat.

What is needed is a major, extra-governmental effort similar to “The Interdependencies on Energy and Climate Security for China and Europe Project” now working a similar plan for the EU and China. Recognising this, and with an eye towards a new US presidency in 2009, a consortium of concerned specialists from the Asia Society, The Brookings Institution, Environmental Defense and the Council on Foreign Relations have recently come together in New York City to begin drafting a “road map” for collaborative Sino-US action. By putting together a high-level task force of scientists, CEOs, civil society leaders, academics and political figures in both the US and China, the project specifically aims to catalyse cooperation to reduce greenhouse-gas emissions resulting from energy use, especially the continued reliance on coal to power our respective economies. 

What is so tantalizingly promising about such a Sino-US effort is that should it attain critical mass, not only would it help keep alive the hope for a solution to the daunting challenge of global warming, but it could also inject a whole new foundation of common interest into the often rocky Sino-US relationship, which is, after all, the most importantly bilateral relationship in the world today.

If the Olympic Games could become a launching pad for such a bilateral effort and at the same time trigger a more environmentally friendly and durable set of central governmental policies within China itself, then history would, indeed, remember 2008 not only as the first “green Olympic Games,” but as one of the catalyzing moments in history when the world’s two major powers took notice of both their national interests, and the world’s common interest, to finally rally in a collaborative manner to solve one of the world’s most formidable challenges.

Orville Schell is director of the Center on US-China Relations at the Asia Society and a longtime writer on China.

Homepage photo by George Washington

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Default avatar
匿名 | Anonymous

真正的专家决不眼高手低,他们脚踏实地

奥运会对于中国政府而言的确是一次促进环境保护型政策推行的契机,但是实现可持续发展的问题,还是路漫漫其休远兮,应当‘上下’而求索。

相信中国政府的高层领导人早已清楚的认识到奥运会将是一个吸引外国专家和投资者的良机,但事实上,重任归根结底是要落到地方政府的头上的。这就需要政府在其立法,教育和社会福利保障等系统上全方位升级。

所以,我个人认为在引进外国专家时,要有选择地引用那些有创新精神,能够根据不同地方政府的不同项目的具体情况提供切实可行的方案的专家们。从而可以将环保政策在各地落实,并达到深入人心的效果。这种实用主义的做法,要比去费尽心机联络已经忙不过来的中央领导人的做法,来得更实在。

不过,本文中作者将中国环境问题和奥运会及对美关系的问题联系到一起的做法还是值得指出的。

如果能有更多关于如何在小范围中实现环保的方案,不实为另一好文章可以讨论的话题。因为真正的专家决不眼高手低,他们脚踏实地。

The real experts don’t just think high, they also do from the bottom.

Surely the events like Olympic Games could catalyze the policy making towards a more environmental friendly direction; unfortunately the solution to the real sustainability problem is not that easy.

I believe the top officials in the central government realized the opportunity for attracting foreign experts and investment for sustainability growth, but the real question is down to the local governments. This requires an up-grading in legislations, public education and social welfare systems.

So my opinion is that the introduction of foreign experts with innovative thoughts and practical ideas in implementing the policies on real projects down to the local government level could be more useful than just contacting the already fully engaged central top officials.

Nevertheless it can be seen as an innovative idea for the author to link across climate issues with Olympic game as well as China's foreign relation to the US. Additional thoughts about how to work at micro-level could add on another article beyond this one. The real experts don’t just think high, they also do from the bottom.

Victure Z

Default avatar
匿名 | Anonymous

中央和地方

Victure,我完全同意上述的重要观点。中外合作应更多建立在地方级别。其过程应纳入发达国家地方政府环境管理的经验。由于本人并不涉足这一领域,恕不知如何加以深入评论。不知道这里有没有人有这方面的见解?敬请交流。

Central and local

Victure, that's a really key point and I agree completely: cooperation should be occurring at the local level, incorporating the experience of local government environmental management from developed countries also. Not being in that sector, I can't really comment on how this would work -- I wonder if anyone else here can?
SL

Default avatar
匿名 | Anonymous

轮调地方政府高级官员

如果北京对腐败的地方政府及造成环境污染和其他危害的工业中心缺乏有效的控制手段,或许它可以或者赋予地方高级政府官员更多的权力,倘若这些官员自身是同谋者,或者每隔几年将他们轮调到其他省份任职.我认为北京是直接任命这些官员的。。。这真是自作自受。

Rotate Local Govenment Top Politicians

If Beijing finds it hard to get to grips with the corrupt local government ~ industry nexus which contributes so much environmental and other harm, then it should perhaps either give the most senior local government politicians more power or, if those individuals seem complicit, rotate them to other provinces every couple of years. I think I am right in saying that it is Beijing which appoints them.. You reap what you sow.

Default avatar
匿名 | Anonymous

给那些自救的人们

中国想要技术上,金融上和智慧上的帮助支持,但却拒绝加强相关法律条款使其自然修复.

nanheyangrouchuan

Those who help themselves

China wants technological, financial and intellectual aid but refuses to enforce the laws that let nature begin to repair itself.

nanheyangrouchuan

Default avatar
匿名 | Anonymous

重要契机?

我不认为这对于中国的环境战略来说是一个“契机”,更准确的说,这是被其他国家(比如美国)强迫进行的。中国政府试图营造一个“绿色奥运”,但在奥运结束后,他们将很快为了经济的增长而继续他们的环境退化。举个例子来说,在奥运期间,驾驶私家轿车将被严格地限制或者停驶以改善空气质量。但之后呢?一切如常。不过,我很同意奥运会的举行将会带来更多的国际关注,从而会促成一些中美之间关于环保问题的合作。但对于中国而言,不幸的是,经济的增长将会带来更多的污染。国际社会对于中国新的环保举措方面的要求将会对中国经济的增长产生负面的影响。我认为政策的制定需要将环保放在比经济增长更重要的位置上。国际合作对这个必要的改变将起到至关重要的作用。

Great Opportunity?

I dont think its an "opportunity" for China to launch environmental strategies, rather, it's a forced process by other nations (like the US). The Chinese government is trying to create a green Olympics, but it wants to continue its environmental degradation soon after, for economic growth. For example, private automotive driving will be heavily restricted or stopped during the Olympics to clean up the air. Afterward it will continue, business as usual. However, I do agree that the Olympics will bring foreign attention that could spark some cooperative environmental protection between China and the US. Unfortunately for China, economic growth will bring more pollution. Foreign nations demanding new environmental actions will curb China's financial growth. I think policy making needs to step back from economic growth and start protecting the environment. Foreign cooperation will be vital for the necessary changes.

Default avatar
匿名 | Anonymous

忘了提名 (Chad)

竟然忘了在最后一篇关于中国的‘契机’一评论上注明是我Chad所发。

forgot my name.(Chad)

Opps forgot to add my name to my response. The last post about China's "opportunity," was made by myself; Chad.

Default avatar
匿名 | Anonymous

创造合作的文化?

我相信在Chad提供一些好的建议的同时, 中美两国可在环境的可持续发展方面有所合作,如果他们真想达到这个目标的话。

我也同意Victure的观点, 特别是谈到地方政府需被迫使来采取行动。

我在想,奥运火炬传递引发的紧张形势是否会让中国决定不和西方国家在环保方面进行合作。我至少想说的是,在我看来,这并没有营造一个团队合作的氛围。Jonathan

Creating a Culture of Cooperation?

I believe that while Chad offers some very good points, there could be some cooperation between the Chinese and the U.S. on environmental sustainability if they really wanted to. I also agree with Victure's point; practically speaking, the action needs to be enforced on the local government level. What I'm wondering is whether or not all of the tension with the torch will cause China to decide against cooperating with any Western countries on environmental issues. At the very least, it isn't creating an atmosphere that breeds teamwork, in my opinion.
-Jonathan

Default avatar
匿名 | Anonymous

合作?

请相信我,我是很支持环保的。如果美国在环境可持续性上作出更大的表率作用,我会非常高兴的。但是不是只有我一个人认为这是某种形式的宣传?这是我读到的关于这个计划的第一篇文章,所以我的看法可能有些偏见。但这两个国家似乎仍然没有真正改变的决心。在美国经济衰退和中国正经历的巨大经济增长情况下,他们为什么会做出对经济有害的事情?我觉得他们不是真的想做出什么实际行动,但至少北京绿色奥运看似是积极的。
CU Deetz

Cooperation?

Believe me, I am all for helping the environment and I would be thrilled beyond belief if the United States took greater steps to being a lead example about environmental sustainability. But am I the only one who sees this as some sort of publicity stunt. This is the first article that I have read about this plan, so my view might be slanted, but it seems like neither country really has the desire to change things still. With the economic recession that the US is in, and the HUGE economic growth that china is experiencing, why would either one of them want to do something that could be economically harmful? I feel like neither of them are showing any real initiative, but the green games in Beijing seems like a positive step in the right direction.
CU Deetz