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中国年轻NGO人面临的挑战

民间社会团体不但在处理中国环境危机的时候起到了重要的作用,而且还是明日的环境领袖。替这些年轻人着想一下吧,慕浩然说。
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张天明(音译)是一名23岁大学生,来自中国西南部的昆明,他的头发又短又直,过早地斑白了,人非常幽默。张天明在一所优秀的大学里学习环境科学,并在一个著名的中国环境NGO中实习过。他协助领导学校的环保团体,并热衷于环境问题:他的梦想是为一个环保NGO工作。然而,他的下一个雇主却可能是一家私企。

毕业之后,张天明曾为一个“政府组织的非政府组织”(或GONGO)工作了很短一段时间。但是几个月之后,他就离开了。这个组织管理很差,他说,而且除非你曾经在政府中工作过,否则职业发展会非常困难。

在中国的环境问题上,民间社会团体的作用正在变得越来越大。NGO的管理者常常是社会名流,与政界、学术界和媒体的关系良好。但是,几乎没有观察员顾及到这些在中国环保NGO里工作的年轻人,同样他们常常缺乏社会认可、国际关系、工作保障以及工作前景。

压力

“为了养育我并送我上学,我的家人每天工作很长时间,辛苦地在市场上贩卖水果,”张天明说。“现在,我需要找到一份工作,来帮助赡养我的家庭。”张天明的家人说,为私人公司或政府工作有保障、收入更高而且社会地位更高,这会带给他一个更美好的未来。

中国的独生子女一代都在考虑如何照顾他们年老的父母,在环保团体工作的人中不只张天明一个人感觉到家庭的压力。我采访的另一个年轻的NGO成员向他的家庭隐瞒了真实职业,很多年来他一直告诉他们,他在一家私企上班。

人们常常对NGO部门不甚熟悉,而且年轻雇员也常常被认为社会地位比较低。最近,在中国南部城市南京召开了一次由当地NGO主管和一群中美两国学生参加的会议。在这次会议上,来自美国学生的问题集中于污染和公共政策。然而,很多中国学生却更加谨慎。他们询问了NGO在中国社会中所起的作用,并问到为什么一个人会愿意为NGO工作,而不是私企。

生活成本的提高和通货膨胀的威胁让这种担心雪上加霜。很多NGO由定期基金支持,在经济上不能自给自足。当提到裁员的时候,年轻人常常是首当其冲,而在不同的领域找工作是非常困难的。未来的雇主不一定会重视他们在NGO的工作经验。

实习在经济上也具有挑战性。大学期间,张天明在一个环保NGO实习的时候,为了省钱,他睡在办公室的地板上。但是,在中国NGO里的工作竞争是非常激烈的,而且相对来讲,在昆明和北京之外的NGO极少,这两个城市被认为是中国的“NGO之都”。

另一个障碍是教育系统。当张天明上大学的时候,他的学校新设立的环境科学课程缺乏组织并且管理混乱。因此,他和其他学生都被迫自学。

同志友爱

然而,对那些希望拯救环境的年轻人来说,也有一些好消息。在协助大学环境团体工作的时候,张天明首先了解了环境问题和NGO的管理。对于他来说,通过这个组织来了解这些问题和获取领导能力,是一个绝佳的途径。

去年,我参加了在南京举行的一次会议,这个会议主要由大学生组织,吸引了30多个当地的环保团体、以及记者和一名来自当地环保局的代表。这次活动极其成功,为很多学生提供了组织、推广活动的宝贵经验。

最后,有些社会压力虽然使在NGO的工作很艰难,但是这非常有价值。可能是因为很多人不理解环保团体的工作,在NGO团体内部有一种很强的同志友爱。像中国的很多年轻人一样,张天明的兴趣意味着,在业余时间里他仍然会作为一名志愿者来为一个环境团体服务。

但是,张天明以后会做什么呢?如果他能在环保团体中获得一份中等的薪水、稳定位置,他说,他会接受这份工作。但是至少在现在,张天明会应用其科学知识和领导技能来服务一家公司。

张天明和像他一样的年轻人都面临着很多困难,减少这些困难将是一项艰巨的任务,但是对于培训中国新一代的NGO领导人来说,这是必须的。

你是否一位为中国NGO组织工作的年轻人?你是否正在西方国家为绿色环保事业而呼喊?你觉得这篇文章内容属实吗?你是否有不同的故事?请留下片言只语,告诉我们你的故事。


慕浩然毕业于约翰·霍普金斯大学-南京大学中美文化研究中心。目前他生活在纽约的布鲁克林区。

首页图片由Joshua Wickerham

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Default avatar
匿名 | Anonymous

观点

在我看来,在非盈利机构里工作是牺牲性很大的。就我所知,在这样的机构里工作想赚大钱是不可能的。也就是因为这样,那些在非政府组织里工作的人才获得其他人更多的尊重。尽管给非政府组织工作的人也有一份固定的薪水和稳定的工作,就如张所希望的那样。我希望张的人生会很精彩并且他能够养活家庭,为自己的梦想而活。我相信目前中国对于非政府组织的种种限制会使得人们很难找到工作。现在,一个城市或一个地区只能有不超过1个相似的非政府组织的政策,以及不让非政府组织在国外发展是很不合理的。非政府组织不仅不会对CCP现在的掌权起到不良影响,而且还会按其主旨,保护环境,人权等等。

View

To work at a non-profit it is truly a sacrificial job in my opinion. In no place in this world that I know of, will you a make a considerable amount of money in such work. In my opinion, this makes those who work for NGOs earn much more respect. Nevertheless, those who do work for an NGO deserve an average salary and a stable position just as Zhang wishes. I hope the Zhang life holds a bright future and he is able to support his family and live his dream. I believe the current restrictions on NGOs in China are making jobs unavailable in the sector. The current basis for not allowing them to have more than one similar NGO in one city or county and to not allow an NGO to grow outside a particular country does not makes sense. NGOs will not usurp the CCP current government control but will focus on its purpose to protect the environment, support human rights, etc.

Default avatar
匿名 | Anonymous

爆料

在北京,有家号称国际环保组织的一家民营小企业,老板打着联合国的旗号,以环保为幌子,到处骗钱,造成恶劣影响。在那里工作的年轻人为了得到一份工作的机会,只能在这样的伪环保组织里忍气吞声。

a whistleblowing case

In Beijing, there is a small private enterprise that claims to be from an international environmental protection organization. Its boss messes around in the name of the United Nations as well as environmental protection. Young employees of this enterprise have to swallow their pride and work with such a sham environmental protection organization for a bread-earning job.

Default avatar
匿名 | Anonymous

我的经验

我大学肄业,怀抱一腔理想的悲世主义,依然去走自己的路。艰辛,但很快乐。因为知道自己是在做自己喜欢的事。
成都救助,云南教书,北京打工,只为了奔着去NGO工作的目标。还好,现在已经有了实习的机会。
人生价值的一点点满足,独自回头和思索,却是难耐的苦楚,我一直在想,若在城中,无食,则何为?

My personal experience

After dropping out from university, I am still following my dreams, yet with an idealistically pessimistic attitude. It is a very hard experience but I feel very happy, because I know I am doing the things that I truly enjoy. All the things I have done, such as serving as a relief volunteer in Chengdu city, teaching in Yunnan Province, and having part-time jobs in Beijing, I have done in pursuit of my goal to work in an NGO. Fortunately, I finally got an internship opportunity. Looking back and pondering, I found a little satisfaction in searching for the value of life, but the suffering is intolerable. I have always thought, if I cannot earn a living in this city, then what shall I do?

Default avatar
匿名 | Anonymous

投身于公益性组织者都有一颗善良的心

我已经投身于公益性组织长达八年, 也理解到它的挑战性和困难, 然而, 我鼓励我们每一个人都坚持, 因为我们都具有人性的美。由于每个人的坚持而使我们各个都抱着热诚!agefoundationng.org创立者 - JIDE TAIWO。秀錂译

NGO WORKERS ARE PEOPLE THAT THE HEART OF GOODNESS

I HAVE BEEN RUNING NGO FOR EIGHT YEARYS NOW AND I KNOW WHAT THE CHALENGES AND DIFFICULTIES ARE, BUT I WILL ENCOURAGE EVERY ONE OF US TO KEEP AT IT,BECAUSE WE ARE THE BEAUTY OF THE HUMANITY.KEEP AT IT EVERY ONE.BECAUSE IT WHAT WE ALL HAVE PASSION FOR.JIDE TAIWO.FOUNDER OF .agefoundationng.org

Default avatar
匿名 | Anonymous

梦想的破灭

我曾经为一家致力于刑事司法的国际NGO组织效力,我们的组织主要是为全世界的穷人赢得司法公正。我在工作中发现了很多程序运作的问题,同时很多热情积极工作的同事也的不到工作上的肯定。这几年的工作经验打破了我所有的梦想。 (本评论由Allen Ye翻译)

Dream died

I worked with an international NGO focusing on criminal justice last year. However, I figured out lots of problems in its program running. It aims to seek the fairness for the indigent defendants all over the world. But it treats its hard-working and warm-hearted staff very unfairly. This year's working experience breaks all my dreams in life.

Default avatar
匿名 | Anonymous

职业选择

我接受了一家昆明NGO的面试。在这里看到许多关于NGO的讨论,我感到非常高兴。相信这个论坛会对我做出正确选择有所帮助。虽然现在已经三十多岁,但我仍很希望在一家NGO中供职。因为在了解一些外国NGO的活动后,我相信中国NGO从业人员的前景十分明朗。我已经过了从社会得到锻炼和经验的年龄,我只是想告诉大家,慈善行为与帮助他人是人人可行,时时应做的平常之事。也许我很天真,但我志立于此。(本评论由Zheng Shen翻译)

vocational option

I have accepted a chance of interview in a NGO in Kunming. I am glad to see so much discussion about NGOs. I think this forum will help me make correct options to some extent. I am over 30 ages, but I still have a strong desire to work in a NGO, for I think NGOers will have a bright future in China after knowing of some knowledges about NGOs' activity in foreign countries, in relief of natural desasters. I am beyond the age of seeking exercise and experience from society, I just want to tell others that charity and helping other people are ordinary things to do, a part of our daily life. Maybe I am naive but I have the will.

Default avatar
匿名 | Anonymous

what

I cannot understand what you are saying

说什么哪

我不明白你在说什么。

本评论由Ming Li翻译

Default avatar
匿名 | Anonymous

我们需要平等、互信和共赢

*豆腐干*

我在一家NGO供职,所以对上述各位的观点我是比较赞同的。

在生活压力下,很多优秀的年轻人都选择离开,至少会选择到国际NGO工作(资金充足而且很有身份)。除了生活的压力外,这还与社会缺乏对NGO的理解有很大关系:除了那些很著名的NGO,我们往往需要很长时间来解释我们的工作性质,而且往往得不到认同或被人理解为是“不怎么样的小企业”。这给年轻人造成了很强的不认同感 。

NGO的自说自话、缺乏落到实处的工作,让很多年轻人逐渐失去了“斗志”、热情和为社会做贡献的热情。

另外,由于没有直接的模式可以照搬,NGO自身的管理和工作确始终是摸着石头过河,或处于“人治”大于“法制”(这里指制度)的状态,缺乏公平性和统一性是很自然的事情。另一方面,NGO管理者往往埋头做事却忽视了自身的可持续发展——年轻人需要扩展事业、继续学习和自身的可持续(充分休息身心和与亲友沟通情感的机会),这些都是作为一个社会人所需要的,可谁能保障他们的合理诉求呢?

很多人在希望年亲人“敬业”的同时,却忘了应该给予,建立在这样一个基础上的关系又怎能持久?

最后提一句:我们之所以被英语压得喘不过气来,是因为国内的“机会”太少。真希望政府、企业、社会能早日与NGO建立共识,共同发展,这对谁都有好处。

We need equality, mutual trust and joint success

*By Doufu Gan*

I hold an office at an NGO, so I quite agree with each point of view described below. Under life's pressures, many outstanding young people choose to leave, or at the very least choose to work for an international NGO (adequate funds and high status). Apart from life's pressures, this is also closely linked to society's lack of understanding towards NGOs. Apart from those few famous NGOs, we often need a very long time to describe the nature of our work. Moreover, we often do not get recognition, or are understood as being an "insignificant small enterprise". This creates a very strong feeling of lack of recognition among young people. NGO's own words often lack relevance to the real job, which makes many young people gradually lose "the will to fight", enthusiasm and passion to contribute to society. Moreover, because NGO's have no direct method of imitating others, their own management and work advances really cautiously and slowly from start to finish, or the situation exists that "rule of man" is greater than rule of "legal systems and institutions" (here it refers to systems). Lacking equality and unity is a very natural thing. On the other hand, NGO managers often bury their heads in work but ignore their own ability to develop...young people need to expand their career, continue studying and need self-sustainable development (abundance of physical and mental rest and opportunities to communicate feelings to loved ones and friends). All these things are what a social person needs, but who can guarantee these reasonable appeals? At the same time as many hope that young people are "dedicated", they forget to give, and how then can they establish enduring relations on such a basis?

Finally, we are overwhelmed by the pressure of English because there are very few opportunities in the country. I really hope the government, enterprises and society can establish consensus and collective development soon. This has advantages for everyone.
(Comment translated by Ellen Schliebitz).

Default avatar
匿名 | Anonymous

非政府组织应当发挥更大作用

在中国的环保运动中,非政府组织和科学家们应当发挥更积极的作用。

NGO should playing a more important roles

NGOs and Scientists should play more active role in China's environmental movement.

Default avatar
匿名 | Anonymous

自身制度,以及外部政策环境

很难过的一点是,在中国可能更明显,公众认为公益等同于无偿奉献,并将道德感参杂其中。我认为,NGO只是一项职业,推动中国的市场经济保持底线,促进不同利益团体之间获得同等的博弈地位,减少信息的不对成性。
我来自于SRI,一个非常年轻的中国本土NGO,其成员都是80后群体。但都拥有在商业和政府机构的工作经历。我想使用谨慎的理想主义者来形容自身:达成社会理想需要制度,策略,以及step by step的毅力。
从外部环境而言,我们面对的挑战是:
1. NGO需要获得合法身份,而不是绝大多数都以工商注册的非营利机构存在。
2. 政府将自己从全能全包的角色中逐渐退出。很明显,现在NGO能发挥的领域,大部分都被政府及其管控下的事业单位控制着。

吴晨

NGO's inner system and policies on it from outer world

It makes me feel upset that public welfare is seen as gratuitous. This is most obvious in China. I think NGOs only exist in China to help keep the Chinese market economy within its bottom line, provide a level playing field for various vested groups and lower the asymmetry of informations. I am from SRI, a very young Chinese NGO whose members are people born in the 1980s with experience in business or in government jobs. I like to describe myself as a prudential idealist and admit that institution, strategy and step-by-step perseverance are necessary to materialize an ideal. From the perspective of outer conditions, the challenge we are facing now is: 1. a legitimate identity for NGO, not an existence registered for a non-profit company as most Chinese NGOs currently do. 2. governments withdraw from a present role as an omnipotent body. it is very clear that the fields NGOs are in are controled by the governments or the undertaking institutions under them.

translated by Ming Li